In Nahuatl, Teotihuacan means the city of the gods, or rather the city where one becomes gods. Difficult to be more explicit. This vast monumental complex with an uncertain origin was one of the first lightning traps, a sacred architectural complex where novices were awakened by fire from the sky.
Teotihuacán was for a long time the largest city in Mexico and the capital of the largest pre-Columbian empire. Two large avenues oriented north-south and east-west divided the city into districts. The old city, built according to a very precise grid, stretched over more than 20 km2.
When did this beautiful architectural ensemble date? The question is not unanimous. According to archaeologists, the pyramid of the sun was built in -150. The rest of the city was, for the most part, built between 250 and 600. For other authors, it is much older. Science cannot settle the debate.
Carbon 14 dating, questioned by physicists, cannot be applied to stones. Palinography either. No pollen deposited on a stone or on any shard of pottery will never give a date of construction, because it could be more ancient. Believing to be analyzing an organic matter left by the builders, we risk dating a tourist’s snack.
In their too recent dating, our archaeologists obey a dogma which wants that no American civilization is prior to our cities of the Middle East. But this dogma is not scientific, on the contrary, it looks like archeology to a kind of sect with unbearable and racist ideas.
Recent archaeological discoveries under the pyramid of the sun confirm more than ever the thesis of a very great antiquity for this site.
Here as in Peru, in Turkey, in Egypt, and in other sites, it is advisable to postpone the dating that the oxydantthe fault is willing archeology imposes for fifty years.
Whatever its real age, the City of the Gods has exerted a great influence on all the other cultures of the sector. Its art and architecture can be found throughout the Mayan region, from the north of Yucatan to the bordering territory of Honduras and to the Pacific coast of Guatemala, passing through central Mexico.
The largest structures are characterized by the talud-tablero style, the inclined talud supports the vertical tablero with architectural ornaments or stucco paintings.
The buildings were often whitewashed and painted in bright colors. Most of the city was made up of residential complexes, some of which contain elegant and refined frescoes. Still in the very questionable dating of archaeologists, the last period (150-450) of the history of Teotihuacán marks the climax of the city whose splendor reaches its maximum.
At that time its population counted 200,000 inhabitants. Its cultural and religious influence was considerable. The influence it had in architecture and the arts reached Guatemala and beyond.
Other Meso-American civilizations imitated its peculiarities, as is the case with talud-tablero and ceramics. Traders and pilgrims crowded there during large ceremonies.
The city of the Gods was abandoned in the 7th century, for an unknown reason, and in a relatively brutal way. This is the whole history of the city of the gods as we are told by archaeologists and historians.
But we must also be interested in what they did not tell us. After the official version – often stupid out of ignorance of the myths – developed by professional archaeologists, here is the real story drawn from local myths.